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Important One liner MCQs of Computer for CSS, PMS & other Competitive exam Pdf:-
Parts Of A Computer:
The computer is composed of two parts:
All physical components of computer, which can be touched, measured, have weight and occupy space, are collectively called computer hardware viz;
iii) Joy stick
vii) Central Processing unit etc.
General Knowledge MCQS Notes for Computer
Software can be defined as a set of instructions or codes written in a defined manner. In other words softwares are prewritten programs, which control the operations of computer.
All programs and data stored on floppy disk, Hard disk, CD-ROM are collectively called softwares. Examples are;
vii) MS Office
Devices OR Components Of A Computer:
The computer is a combination of many parts, each of which performs specific task independently. The major devices of a computer are as under.
1) Input Devices
The input devices are those devices which send data or information to the Central Processing Unit. The main input devices are:
i) KEYBORD: It is used to enter text. It contains alphabetic, numeric and other keys for entering data.
ii) MOUSE:It is a pointing device. It controls the pointer on the screen.
iii) MICROPHON: It is used to enter voice into the computer.
iv) SCANNER: It reads printed text and graphics and then translates the result into digital form.
v) DIGITAL CAMERA:It is used to take photos.
vi) PC CAMERA: It is used to create movie and to take photos on the computer.
2) OUT PUT DEVICES:
A hardware component used to display information to the user output device.
i) MONITER: It is used to display text, graphics and video output.
ii) PRINTER: It is used to display printed output on paper.
iii) SPEAKER:It is used to hear sound to hear sound music and voice outputs.
3) STORAGE DEVICE:
The hardware components used to store data, instructions and information permanently are called storage devices. For example floppy disk drive, zip drive, hard disk drive, CD-ROM drives etc.
4) COMMUNICATION DEVICES:
It is used to communicate and exchange data, instructions and information with other computers. For example Modem.
UNITS OF CPU:
• ALU(ARTHMETIC AND LOGICAL UNIT)
ALU is a part of CPU. Actual execution of instructions takes place in this part. All arithmetic and logical operations are performed in ALU. It consists of two units:
- Arithmetic Unit
It performs basic arithmetic functions such as addition, subtraction, division.
- Logical Unit
It performs logical operations like comparing two data items to find which data item is greater than, equal to, or less than the other.
• CONTROL UNIT
It acts like a supervisor of the computer. It does not execute program instruction by itself. It controls and coordinates all activities of computer system.
• Memory Unit (MU)
It is responsible for storage of data and information. The memory unit consists of two types of memory which are RAM and ROM.
Some Important Definitions And Short Notes: RAM:
RAM stands for random access memory. It is that part of CPU where temporary information is stored.
Byte: A group of 8 bits is called a byte.
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