Khalistan Movement alive 2018 and Sikhs in India: A separation movement was born in Indian Punjab in 1980 which polarized Punjab’s Sikhs and Hindus. The extremist Sikh movements wanted to make a separate country for Sikhs in the land of Punjab. This Khalistan Movement was supported by Sikhs residing in Canada, UK, and the USA. It got so out of hands that a lot of Hindus lost their lives. Andra Gandhi, the PM of India, was also assassinated by her Sikhs guards after operating against the extremists. Her death carried riots leading to the demise of a lot of Sikhs.
A lot of Sikh young men participated in the militant movement which originated for Khalistan, an independent Sikh state. It took a long period of time for armed forces especially federal police to eradicate this movement. Punjab, especially Sikhs had to pay a huge price for this movement.
Sikhs have a vital role in India’s politics and economy. They have always been in the mainstream line of the country, representing pivotal role in the economy of the country. Their confidence and faith were shaken after the movement ended. After such a long time, now the situation of state affairs have come to a smooth point. Old wounds have healed and people are trying to forget the painful memories of the past.
Following are the historical aspects of Khalistan Movement alive 2018
- During partition, Hindu/Muslim was the major issue, but in reality, it was Hindu/Muslim/Sikh issue.
- Khalistan movements can be traced back to 1940’s, when Nehru promised Sikhs a semi-autonomous unit/state, so as to have a sense of freedom.
- Keeping 1955, Government of India decided not to take action on Gurudwaras, fearing public outrage.
- The issue became worse when Sikhs were assumed to join India/Pakistan, as per Nehru’s press conference on 10th July 1946.
- Kapur Singh in 1947, made the controversial statement and tried to start Khalistan movement.
- In late 1970’s/early 1980’s, Bhindranwale became the unchallenged leader, as his speeches were highly polarizing.
- Finally, Indira Gandhi ordered Indian Army to storm Golden Temple complex. This came to be known as Operation Blue Star.
- During partition, Sikhs were ignored, as Punjab was split between India/Pakistan on the basis of Hindu/Muslim religions.
- Bhindranwale was already a suspect in a previous murder and was arrested, but released.
- Almost every party except Congress condemned Operation Blue Star and riots after.
- But the issue remained dormant till demand was made for Punjabi to be an official language in 1950’s.